The building element of the human body "Collagen" comes from the Greek word "kólla" which means "glue" and from the French-gène meaning "something that produces". In other words, collagen is a "glue-producing" protein. It is essential for the formation and healing almost all the tissues in the body. That is why it is the most abundant protein - 30% of the total protein in your body is collagen.
It is concentrated in one important structure: the extracellular matrix or ECM. ECM is a layer that maintains the cells in each individual tissue of the body.
Collagen is often called a "complex protein", which is not surprising because it contains 19 amino acids. They include a combination of non-essential (also called conditional) and essential types. Collagen is a suitable way of producing more non-essential amino acids such as arginine, glutamine, glycine and proline.
There are too many types of collagen but the most common types are I, II and III. We will present you also the other two types. Each of them has its own characteristics and properties:
Collagen Type I: it is the most common type and is found in almost every tissue in the body: tendons, skin, bones, cartilage, connective tissue and teeth. This type of collagen is more resistant than steel and has incredible power;
Collagen Type II: it is found commonly in cartilage, joints and intestinal mucosa;
Collagen Type III: it can be found in combination with Type I in muscles, organs, arteries and in a special type of connective tissue, also called reticular fiber that forms the liver, fatty tissue, bone marrow, spleen and more.
Collagen Type IV forms the basal lamina, an extracellular matrix - the network that maintains the cells and is situated beneath the epithelium. The basal lamina gives external maintenance to the skin cells.
Collagen V: Collagen V can be found in the bone matrix, cornea, and connective tissue between muscle, liver, lung, and the placenta cells (also known as the interstitial matrix). A small part of the health benefits that collagen gives is the prevention of cardiovascular disease, treatment of permeable bowels and strengthening of the intestinal walls, improving the strength and durability of bones and joints, restoring skin elasticity.
It is a little bit difficult after the age of 25 when the natural ability of the body to produce collagen is slowed down. That is why it is essential to get in additional in the form of nutritional supplements such as hydrolyzed cat collagen, Flex Code Premium and Flex Code Gold, fish collagen or any other type of marine collagen.
The most optimal animal sources of collagen are some species of fish such as Codfish and Bovine collagen obtained from free-range animals. The nutritional supplement you will find here are in different forms according to certain preferences. There are liquid products such as Flex Code as well as Marine collagen powder with Vitamin C and Seagarden fish collagen capsule complex.